Nairobi National Park This is an IBA in Danger! 

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2015 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Grey Crowned Crane Balearica regulorum EN resident - present A1
Kori Bustard Ardeotis kori NT resident - present A1
Madagascar Pond-heron Ardeola idae EN non-breeding - present A1
Secretarybird Sagittarius serpentarius EN resident - present A1
White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus CR resident - present A1
Rüppell's Vulture Gyps rueppelli CR non-breeding - present A1
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos EN resident - present A1
Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus EN resident - present A1
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU winter - present A1

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2015).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2022 unfavourable very high high
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat good

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest Woodland - riparian 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Grassland Grassland - edaphic, dry 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Savanna 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution air-borne pollutants - smog happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity high
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Ngong Road Forest Reserve 1,039 protected area overlaps with site 0
Nairobi National Park 11,700 protected area overlaps with site 11,700


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Woodland - riparian -
Grassland Grassland - edaphic, dry -
Savanna Bushland & thicket - evergreen, Wooded grassland -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Nairobi National Park. Downloaded from on 06/12/2023.