UG020
Murchison Falls National Park


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Heuglin's Francolin Pternistis icterorhynchus LC resident 1998 present A3
Ring-necked Francolin Scleroptila streptophora NT resident 1998 present A3
White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus LC resident 1998 present A3
Shoebill Balaeniceps rex VU resident 1998 present A1
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni NT winter - present A1
Rock Pratincole Glareola nuchalis LC non-breeding 1999 500-1,000 individuals A4i
African Skimmer Rynchops flavirostris NT non-breeding 1999 1,400 individuals A1, A4i
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus NT passage - present A1
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki LC resident 1998 present A3
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC passage 1998 present A1
Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri NT resident 1998 present A1, A3
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina LC resident 1998 present A3
Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator LC resident 1998 present A3
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer LC resident 1998 present A3
Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps LC resident 1998 present A3
White-winged Swamp-warbler Bradypterus carpalis LC resident 1998 present A3
Black-lored Babbler Turdoides sharpei LC resident 1998 present A3
Purple Starling Lamprotornis purpureus LC resident 1998 present A3
Bronze-tailed Starling Lamprotornis chalcurus LC resident 1998 present A3
Red-chested Sunbird Cinnyris erythrocercus LC resident 1998 present A3
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus LC resident 1998 present A3
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops LC resident 1998 present A3
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara LC resident 1998 present A3
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes LC resident 1998 present A3
Grey-headed Oliveback Nesocharis capistrata LC resident 1998 present A3
Papyrus Canary Crithagra koliensis LC resident 1998 present A3
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis LC resident 1998 present A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2012 medium near favourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) near favourable
Savanna 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Rynchops flavirostris African Skimmer 100 135 individuals 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Murchison Falls National Park 387,700 protected area contains site 387,700
Karuma Wildlife Reserve 67,500 protected area overlaps with site 0
Bugungu Wildlife Reserve 47,300 protected area overlaps with site 0
Budongo Forest Reserve 81,788 protected area is adjacent to site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Unknown -
Shrubland -
Savanna -
Forest -
Wetlands (inland) Estuarine waters, Riverine floodplains -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Murchison Falls National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/04/2021.