Muni-Pomadze Ramsar Site

Country/territory: Ghana

IBA criteria met: A3, A4i (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 9,500 ha

Ghana Wildlife Society
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2019 very unfavourable high low
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2001 baseline)
The site is situated to the west of the coastal town of Winneba, approximately 55 km west of Accra. The northern part comprises two protected areas, Yenku A and B Forest Reserves, covering 10% of the site, while the traditional hunting areas of the Efutu people make up another 15%. Also included is the catchment of three seasonal streams, the Pratu, the Boaku and the Muni, which drain into Muni lagoon. This lagoon, its surrounding flood-plains and the adjacent sandy beach, constitute the southern part of the site. It is a shallow, saline, semi-closed, coastal lagoon, with a surface area of c.300 ha. Reports indicate that during the rains the lagoon fills up completely and spills over to flood the surrounding area about once every 10 years. At such times, the villagers dig a canal to open the entrance to the sea and the excess water is released.The catchment is a gentle undulating plain bordered to the north and the north-east by the Yenku Hills (290 m) and in the south-west by the Egyasimanku Hills (205 m). The hill-slopes facing the lagoon are fairly steep. The lagoon shoreline is covered with Sesuvium portulacastrum, Paspalum vaginatum and Sporolobus virginicus, successively, up the sides of the dunes. The dunes themselves are planted with coconut-palm Cocos nucifera. The vegetation in the northern part of the wetland includes mangroves, with Typha australis, Ludwigia erecta and other typical freshwater hydrophytes occurring further inland. The vegetation in the upland areas is dominated by grassland and thickets, a Eucalyptus plantation, as well as forest vegetation in various stages of maturity.

Key biodiversity
See Box for key species. Forty-eight species of waterbird have been recorded at the site, the most abundant of which are Himantopus himantopus, Charadrius hiaticula, Tringa nebularia, Calidris ferruginea, Sterna hirundo, S. maxima, S. sandvicensis and Chlidonias niger. The terrestrial avifauna of the site numbers at least 114 species and includes Illadopsis puveli, the only site from which this species was recorded.

Non-bird biodiversity: Three species of marine turtle Lepidochelys olivacea, Chelonia mydas and Dermochelys coriacea (all EN) are reported to nest on the beaches.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Muni-Pomadze Ramsar Site. Downloaded from on 22/02/2024.