KE066
Mumoni Hill Forest Reserve


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2016 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus EN resident 2006-2016 present A1
Hinde's Babbler Turdoides hindei VU resident 2006-2016 250-999 adults A1, A2

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2016).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2022 unfavourable very high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat good

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest Montane forest - mixed 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Forest Woodland - mixed 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Scree, boulders & bare rock 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - motivation unknown/unrecorded likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - intentional use: subsistence/small scale happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Scree, boulders & bare rock -
Forest Montane forest - mixed, Woodland - mixed -
Shrubland Bushland & thicket - montane, Scrub - forest, Shrubland - Montane -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -

Land ownership
Its a gazetted government dry land indigenous forest with some pockets of exotic plantations.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Mumoni Hill Forest Reserve. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/mumoni-hill-forest-reserve-iba-kenya on 23/02/2024.