A semi-desert plain, cut across by many irrigation channels, with pastures and, to a lesser extent, cotton fields.
Certainly the most important area for wintering Tetrax tetrax in Azerbaijan, probably also in the former USSR; discovered only in 1989. Breeding species include Ciconia ciconia (in some villages), Francolinus francolinus (rare, in scrub along channels), Burhinus oedicnemus, Merops superciliosus (common) and larks (Alaudidae). Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Branta ruficollis (formerly very common winter visitor, now very rare and not annual), Otis tarda (very rare winter visitor, not annual). Aquila nipalensis is common on migration, when Grus grus and Anthropoides virgo also occur.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Main threats are poaching and disturbance of Tetrax tetrax by shepherds and other local people.
National None International None
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mugan steppe. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 31/03/2023.