TH044
Mu Ko Surin


Country/territory: Thailand

IBA Criteria met: A1 (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 13,500 ha

Bird Conservation Society of Thailand

Site description
The IBA comprises Mu Ko Surin National Park, which is located in the Andaman Sea, c.60 km off the west coast of peninsular Thailand and just a few kilometers south of the Thailand-Myanmar border. The national park comprises five main islands and a marine component of 10,300 ha. The coastline of the islands is characterised by white sandy bays and rocky headlands. The islands are generally covered in lowland forest, with beach forest (including Terminalia catappa and Thespesia populnea) backing the shoreline, and patches of mangrove (including Rhizophora apiculata and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza) in the bays.

Key biodiversity
The site supports the globally threatened Large Green Pigeon Treron capellei, plus two globally near-threatened species: Beach Thick-knee Esacus magnirostris and Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica. Beach Thick-knee is known from only one other site in Thailand, while Nicobar Pigeon is otherwise known only from a few other archipelagos in the Andaman Sea. In addition to these species, the site also supports resident populations of several species that are nationally threatened or near-threatened in Thailand, including Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea, Pied Imperial Pigeon D. bicolor and Orange-breasted Pigeon Treron bicincta. Furthermore, the beaches at the site are a migratory stopover for several shorebird species, such as Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres and Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii.

Non-bird biodiversity: Plants Dipterocarpus grandiflorus (CR) Anisoptera costata (EN) Dipterocarpus costatus (EN) Vatica cinerea (EN) Borassodendron machadonis (VU) Dipterocarpus retusus (VU)


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mu Ko Surin. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/01/2022.