The site includes coastal mountains with dry vegetation and an area of saltpans, that supports steppe vegetation. The main human activities are arable and livestock-farming, salt production and tourism.
Breeding birds include four of the 20 species in Europe that are restricted to the Mediterranean biome (when breeding).
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/10/2020.