The higher parts of the mountain are dominated by Abies forest and lower areas by Pinus forest, maquis and phrygana. Part of the site is a military area. The main human activity is recreation and tourism.
This is an important area for species associated with conifer forests and upland scrub.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Parnitha. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/06/2020.