Mount Paona

Country/territory: India

IBA criteria met: A1, A2 (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 3,000 ha

Bombay Natural History Society
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2003 low not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (baseline)
Mount Paona is in the Barail Range, a part of the Eastern Himalayas Endemic Bird Area (EBA) in Paren district in southwestern Nagaland. The highest peak in this montane IBA is 2,062 m above msl. The hilltop and adjacent areas have good tree cover. The nearest town is Peren, district headquarter.

Key biodiversity

AVIFAUNA: This IBA is known for its population of Blyth’s Tragopan Tragopan blythii (Choudhury 2001). The other globally threatened species recorded is the Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis, though it is very rare. Four more hornbill species occur here, including the Near Threatened Great Pied Buceros bicornis and Brown Anorrhinus tickelli. All hornbills are rare because of hunting for meat and feathers. The latter is in great demand for use in ceremonial headdresses. Galliformes such as the Kaleej Pheasant Lophura leucomelanos, Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus, Mountain Bamboo Partridge Bambusicola fytchii, Rufous-throated Hill Partridge Arborophila rufogularis and Common Hill Partridge Arborophila torqueola occur widely.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: The Slow Loris Nycticebus coucang, Hoolock Gibbon Hylobates hoolock, Stump-tailed Macaque Macaca arctoides, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak, Serow Nemorhaedus sumatraensis, Leopard Panthera pardus and Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus are some noteworthy mammals (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).

Key contributors: Anwaruddin Choudhury and Khekiho Sohe.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Mount Paona. Downloaded from on 05/06/2023.