Mount Latian complex

Country/territory: Philippines

IBA Criteria met: A1, A2 (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 50,000 ha

Haribon Foundation

Site description
A large range of mountains extends southwards along the border between South Cotabato and Davao del Sur Provinces, from near Mt Latian in the north to near Mt Daingan in the south, which include several peaks which rise to well over 1,000 m. A large block of forest is shown there on recent forest cover maps, which includes substantial areas of both montane forest around the peaks and lowland forest on the lower slopes. On Mt Daingan, for example, there are old-growth dipterocarp forests at elevations ranging from 490 to 1,800 m. These forests are vital for the protection of the watersheds of several major rivers, such as the Big Glan, Big Lun and Little Lun, which feed agricultural lands to the north and south of General Santos City.

Key biodiversity
Several of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Area have been recorded in this IBA, mainly during a collecting expedition to Mt Tuduk in 1966. They are mainly birds of lowland and mid-altitude forest, including Lesser Eagle-owl, Silvery Kingfisher, Wattled Broadbill and Azure-breasted Pitta. The extensive, relatively low-altitude forests that are reported to survive in the Mt Latian complex are likely to support significant populations of many of these and of other birds of conservation concern. This could prove to be one of the most important sites for the conservation of lowland birds in the EBA.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Latian complex. Downloaded from on 17/01/2022.