TZ003
Mount Kilimanjaro


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens LC resident 2000 present A3
Caprimulgus poliocephalus NR resident 2000 present A3
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus LC resident 2000 present A3
Nyanza Swift Apus niansae LC resident 2000 present A3
Striped Flufftail Sarothrura affinis LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Hartlaub's Turaco Tauraco hartlaubi LC resident 2000 present A3
Buteo oreophilus NR resident 2000 present A3
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus NT passage - present A1
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum LC resident 2000 present A3
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates LC resident 2000 present A3
Moustached Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax LC resident 2000 present A3
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC passage 2000 present A1
Grey Cuckoo-shrike Ceblepyris caesius LC resident 2000 present A3
Hunter's Cisticola Cisticola hunteri LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Mountain Yellow Warbler Iduna similis LC resident 2000 present A3
Cinnamon Bracken-warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus LC resident 2000 present A3
Andropadus milanjensis NR resident 2000 present A3
Andropadus nigriceps NR resident 2000 present A3
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens LC resident 2000 present A3
Sylvia abyssinica NR resident 2000 present A3
Zosterops poliogastrus NR resident 2000 present A3
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri LC resident 2000 present A3
Sharpe's Starling Pholia sharpii LC resident 2000 present A3
Kenrick's Starling Poeoptera kenricki LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Abbott's Starling Poeoptera femoralis VU resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Geokichla piaggiae NR resident 2000 present A3
White-eyed Slaty-flycatcher Melaenornis fischeri LC resident 2000 present A3
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata LC resident 2000 present A3
Rüppell's Robin-Chat Cossypha semirufa LC resident 2000 present A3
Moorland Chat Pinarochroa sordida LC resident 2000 present A3
Nectarinia mediocris NR resident 2000 present A3
Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze LC resident 2000 present A3
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis LC resident 2000 present A3
Red-tufted Sunbird Nectarinia johnstoni LC resident 2000 present A3
Golden-winged Sunbird Drepanorhynchus reichenowi LC resident 2000 present A3
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht LC resident 2000 present A3
Coccopygia melanotis NR resident 2000 present A3
Red-faced Crimsonwing Cryptospiza reichenovii LC resident 2000 present A3
Abyssinian Crimsonwing Cryptospiza salvadorii LC resident 2000 present A3
Serinus striolatus NR resident 2000 present A3
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus LC resident 2000 present A3
East African Citril Crithagra hyposticta LC resident 2000 present A3
Thick-billed Seedeater Crithagra burtoni LC resident 2000 present A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2002 high favourable low
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation Unknown Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Kilimanjaro National Park World Heritage Site 75,353 protected area contained by site 75,575
Kilimanjaro National Park 166,800 protected area contains site 166,100

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial -
Shrubland -
Grassland -
Forest -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Kilimanjaro. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2017.