KE005
Mount Kenya


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Jackson's Francolin Pternistis jacksoni LC resident 1999 present A2, A3
Elgon Francolin Scleroptila elgonensis NT resident 1999 present A3
Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus poliocephalus LC resident 1999 present A3
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus LC resident 1999 present A3
Nyanza Swift Apus niansae LC resident 1999 present A3
Striped Flufftail Sarothrura affinis LC resident 1999 present A3
Hartlaub's Turaco Tauraco hartlaubi LC resident 1999 present A3
African Long-eared Owl Asio abyssinicus LC resident 1999 present A3
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus NT resident 1999 present A3
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum LC resident 1999 present A3
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates LC resident 1999 present A3
Moustached Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax LC resident 1999 present A3
Fine-banded Woodpecker Campethera taeniolaema LC resident 1999 present A3
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC passage 2010 present A1
Mountain Oriole Oriolus percivali LC resident 1999 present A3
Grey Cuckooshrike Ceblepyris caesius LC resident 1999 present A3
Doherty's Bush-shrike Telophorus dohertyi LC resident 1999 present A3
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata LC resident 1999 present A3
White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-collared Apalis Oreolais pulcher LC resident 1999 present A3
Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema LC resident 1999 present A3
Hunter's Cisticola Cisticola hunteri LC resident 1999 present A2, A3
Mountain Yellow Warbler Iduna similis LC resident 1999 present A3
Cinnamon Bracken-warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus LC resident 1999 present A3
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Arizelocichla nigriceps LC resident 1999 present A3
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens LC resident 1999 present A3
African Hill-babbler Sylvia abyssinica LC resident 1999 present A3
Kikuyu White-eye Zosterops kikuyuensis LC resident 1999 present A3
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris LC resident 1999 present A3
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri LC resident 1999 present A3
Sharpe's Starling Pholia sharpii LC resident 1999 present A3
Kenrick's Starling Poeoptera kenricki LC resident 1999 present A2, A3
Abbott's Starling Poeoptera femoralis VU resident 1999 present A1, A2, A3
Orange Ground-thrush Geokichla gurneyi LC resident 1999 present A3
Abyssinian Ground-thrush Geokichla piaggiae LC resident 1999 present A3
White-eyed Slaty-flycatcher Melaenornis fischeri LC resident 1999 present A3
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata LC resident 1999 present A3
Rüppell's Robin-Chat Cossypha semirufa LC resident 1999 present A3
Little Rock-thrush Monticola rufocinereus LC resident 1999 present A3
Moorland Chat Pinarochroa sordida LC resident 1999 present A3
Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze LC resident 1999 present A3
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis LC resident 1999 present A3
Red-tufted Sunbird Nectarinia johnstoni LC resident 1999 present A3
Eastern Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris mediocris LC resident 1999 present A3
Golden-winged Sunbird Drepanorhynchus reichenowi LC resident 1999 present A3
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris reichenowi LC resident 1999 present A3
Jackson's Widowbird Euplectes jacksoni NT resident 1999 present A1, A2, A3
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht LC resident 1999 present A3
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis LC resident 1999 present A3
Abyssinian Crimsonwing Cryptospiza salvadorii LC resident 1999 present A3
Sharpe's Longclaw Macronyx sharpei EN resident 1999 present A1, A2, A3
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus LC resident 1999 present A3
Yellow-browed Citril Crithagra frontalis LC resident 1999 present A3
Thick-billed Seedeater Crithagra burtoni LC resident 1999 present A3
Streaky Seedeater Crithagra striolata LC resident 1999 present A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2019 very high not assessed high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - intentional use: subsistence/small scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - soil erosion, sedimentation happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest Montane forest - undifferentiated 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Mt. Kenya National Reserve 212,400 protected area overlaps with site 0
Mt. Kenya National Park 70,472 protected area contained by site 58,967
Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 202,334 protected area overlaps with site 142,020
Mount Kenya UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 71,759 protected area contained by site 71,759
Mount Kenya Forest Reserve 200,974 protected area overlaps with site 200,974
Imenti or Upper Imenti Forest Reserve 12,199 protected area is adjacent to site 0

Local conservation groups

The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Mt Kenya Biodiversity Conservation Group 1999
For more information on BirdLife's work with Local conservation groups please click here.

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Montane forest - undifferentiated -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Kenya. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/08/2020.