Site description (2001 baseline)
Mt Puting Bato (= Mt Tagubud), Mt Kampalili and Mt Mayo lie along the boundary of south-eastern Davao del Norte with Davao Oriental Province. They rise to 2,613, 2,388 and 1,747 m respectively, and are extremely rugged and inaccessible. This IBA comprises a large block of forest shown on recent forest cover maps. Most of this forest is montane, including extensive areas of mossy forest, but there are some areas of lowland forest remaining on the lower slopes. There are small communities of Mandayas in these mountains, who practice slash-and-burn agriculture and plantation farming on the more accessible flatter slopes.
Many of the threatened and restricted-range species of the Mindanao and Eastern Visayas Endemic Bird Area have been recorded in this IBA. They include Philippine Eagle, Philippine Cockatoo and Lina's Sunbird, which was newly described in 1997 and is so far only known from one other site (Mt Pasian, in PH087). The presence of extensive areas of suitable habitat for the eagle suggests that this IBA will prove to be an important part of the network of sites required for the protection of this low-density species. The birds recorded in the IBA include both montane forest specialists, whose habitat remains relatively intact, and lowland and mid-altitude forest birds, whose habitat is almost certainly under much more immediate pressure.
Non-bird biodiversity: The mammals of the area are unknown.
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Mount Kampalili-Puting Bato. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/mount-kampalili-puting-bato-iba-philippines on 25/02/2024.