From the area of Majdal Shams, north to the Lebanese border. Much of the area is under Israeli military control, but a road to a ski resort allows easy access to 2,000 m and the rocky summit lies at 2,814 m. Woodland from 800 m to the treeline at 1,800-1,900 m is dominated by Quercus calliprinos, Q. cerris, Colutea cilicica and Spartium juneum, above this by a scrubland of Phlomis chrysophylla, Prunus ursina, Astragalus hermoneus, Acantholimon libanoticus and Onobrychis species. There are orchards on the lower slopes.
See box for key species. Other breeding species include Lullula arborea, Eremophila alpestris, Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica, Sylvia hortensis, Parus lugubris, Sitta neumayer and Emberiza caesia.
All the non-military area is treated as a Nature Reserve by Israel. Ski-lifts lead to heavy recreational activity and disturbance at the highest elevations in summer, and there is considerable military traffic. Overgrazing, tree-felling and diversion of water are potential threats.
Data-sheet compiled by S. Blitzblau, reviewed by R. Frumkin.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Hermon. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 25/05/2022.