IBA Criteria met: A1, A2, A3, B3 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here
Area: 10,400 ha
|Most recent IBA monitoring assessment|
|Year of assessment||Threat score (pressure)||Condition score (state)||Action score (response)|
|For more information about IBA monitoring please click here|
From the area of Majdal Shams, north to the Lebanese border. Much of the area is under Israeli military control, but a road to a ski resort allows easy access to 2,000 m and the rocky summit lies at 2,814 m. Woodland from 800 m to the treeline at 1,800-1,900 m is dominated by Quercus calliprinos, Q. cerris, Colutea cilicica and Spartium juneum, above this by a scrubland of Phlomis chrysophylla, Prunus ursina, Astragalus hermoneus, Acantholimon libanoticus and Onobrychis species. There are orchards on the lower slopes.
See box for key species. Other breeding species include Lullula arborea, Eremophila alpestris, Oenanthe oenanthe libanotica, Sylvia hortensis, Parus lugubris, Sitta neumayer and Emberiza caesia.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Sciurus anomalus (rare), Apodemus hermonensis (endemic). Reptiles: Cyrtodactylus amictopholis (endemic), Elaphe hohenackeri, Vipera bornmuelleri (I; endemic). Flora: Alcea dissecta.
Data-sheet compiled by S. Blitzblau, reviewed by R. Frumkin.
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Hermon. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/04/2023.