Mole National Park lies c.146 km north-west of Tamale. The terrain is undulating with low scarps. The vegetation is predominantly open Guinea Savanna woodland with an average tree height of 11 m and individuals reaching up to 22 m. Common tree species include Isoberlinia doka, Butyrospermum paradoxum, Burkea africana, Combretum spp. and Terminalia avicenniodes. Watercourses are lined with species-rich riparian forest, with a dense undergrowth and a closed canopy, from which emergents reach 38 m. There are also areas of grassland and swamps in the flood-plain of rivers and around water-holes.
See Box and Table 3 for key species. A total of 314 bird species have been reported to occur in Mole, the largest number of species reported for any site in the country.
Non-bird biodiversity: Some 90 mammal species have been recorded, including Loxodonta africana africana (EN), Panthera leo (VU) and Colobus polykomos (LR/nt). Four plant taxa Aneilema setiferum var. pallidiciliatum, Gongronema obscurum, Kyllinga echinata and Rhinopterys angustifolia are considered endemic to the area.
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mole National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/11/2019.