Mole National Park

Country/territory: Ghana

IBA Criteria met: A3 (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 484,000 ha

Ghana Wildlife Society
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2021 high unfavourable high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
Mole National Park lies c.146 km north-west of Tamale. The terrain is undulating with low scarps. The vegetation is predominantly open Guinea Savanna woodland with an average tree height of 11 m and individuals reaching up to 22 m. Common tree species include Isoberlinia doka, Butyrospermum paradoxum, Burkea africana, Combretum spp. and Terminalia avicenniodes. Watercourses are lined with species-rich riparian forest, with a dense undergrowth and a closed canopy, from which emergents reach 38 m. There are also areas of grassland and swamps in the flood-plain of rivers and around water-holes.

Key biodiversity
See Box and Table 3 for key species. A total of 314 bird species have been reported to occur in Mole, the largest number of species reported for any site in the country.

Non-bird biodiversity: Some 90 mammal species have been recorded, including Loxodonta africana africana (EN), Panthera leo (VU) and Colobus polykomos (LR/nt). Four plant taxa Aneilema setiferum var. pallidiciliatum, Gongronema obscurum, Kyllinga echinata and Rhinopterys angustifolia are considered endemic to the area.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mole National Park. Downloaded from on 27/03/2023.