Mole National Park

Country/territory: Ghana

IBA criteria met: A3 (2001)
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Area: 484,000 ha

Ghana Wildlife Society
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2023 unfavourable high high
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Site description (2001 baseline)
Mole National Park lies c.146 km north-west of Tamale. The terrain is undulating with low scarps. The vegetation is predominantly open Guinea Savanna woodland with an average tree height of 11 m and individuals reaching up to 22 m. Common tree species include Isoberlinia doka, Butyrospermum paradoxum, Burkea africana, Combretum spp. and Terminalia avicenniodes. Watercourses are lined with species-rich riparian forest, with a dense undergrowth and a closed canopy, from which emergents reach 38 m. There are also areas of grassland and swamps in the flood-plain of rivers and around water-holes.

Key biodiversity
See Box and Table 3 for key species. A total of 314 bird species have been reported to occur in Mole, the largest number of species reported for any site in the country.

Non-bird biodiversity: Some 90 mammal species have been recorded, including Loxodonta africana africana (EN), Panthera leo (VU) and Colobus polykomos (LR/nt). Four plant taxa Aneilema setiferum var. pallidiciliatum, Gongronema obscurum, Kyllinga echinata and Rhinopterys angustifolia are considered endemic to the area.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Mole National Park. Downloaded from on 28/11/2023.