Year of compilation: 2004
AVIFAUNA: About 149 species of birds have been estimated to occur in the area. Further surveys will most certainly add to the number of species. The site also holds, on a regular basis, over 20,000 breeding and migratory waterbirds. The Black Ibis Pseudibis papillosa, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus, Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia, Greylag Goose Anser anser and Barheaded Goose A. indicus are some of the species reported from the area. Ten globally threatened and Near Threatened species are found here. Flocks of 200 Eurasian Spoonbill are not uncommon. Similarly, Lesser Whistling Duck Dendrocygna javanica is found in thousands, along with a few hundred Large Whistling Duck D. bicolor (Mehboob Alam pers. comm. 2002).
OTHER KEY FAUNA: As the site is surrounded by agricultural fields and villagers, there is no large wild mammal or reptile of conservation concern.
The wetlands are under considerable threat from the proposed construction of the Barh Super Thermal Power Plant by the National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd (Anon. 2000). The construction of the plant and the subsequent dumping of fly ash generated by it would choke the wetland and destroy its wildlife. Currently, no scientific information on the state of the environment of Mokama Taal is available. Although trapping and shooting of birds is prohibited by law, these activities go on, albeit on a much smaller scale than before. Poisoning of waterfowl with pesticide using rice as bait is also becoming a common modus operandi to catch birds.
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mokama Taal (Barah) Wetlands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/09/2019.