Millenium (Caroline) Island Marine


Country/territory: Kiribati

IBA Criteria met: A4i, A4ii, A4iii (2012)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 4,835,744 ha

Protection status:

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2012 low favourable negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here


Site description
The site boundary is based upon a seaward extension of 140 km around Millenium (Caroline) Island to encompass the foraging range of IBA threshold numbers of Greater Frigatebird based upon a 1988 population estimate of 4,854 breeding pairs, Black Noddy based upon a 1988 population estimate of 16,794 breeding pairs, Common White Tern based upon a 1988 population estimate of 11,482 breeding pairs, Red-footed Booby based upon a 1988 population estimate of 4,442 breeding pairs and high use and transit areas of Red-tailed Tropicbird based upon a 1988 population estimate of 112 breeding pairs from Kepler, C., Kepler, A. and Ellis, D. (1994) The natural history of Caroline Atoll, Southern Line Islands, part II: Seabirds, other terrestrial animals, and conservation. Atoll Research Bulletin, 398: 1-61.

Key biodiversity
The site boundary is based upon a seaward extension of 140 km around Millenium (Caroline) Island to encompass the foraging range of IBA threshold numbers of Greater Frigatebird based upon a 1988 population estimate of 4,854 breeding pairs, Black Noddy based upon a 1988 population estimate of 16,794 breeding pairs, Common White Tern based upon a 1988 population estimate of 11,482 breeding pairs, Red-footed Booby based upon a 1988 population estimate of 4,442 breeding pairs and high use and transit areas of Red-tailed Tropicbird based upon a 1988 population estimate of 112 breeding pairs from Kepler, C., Kepler, A. and Ellis, D. (1994) The natural history of Caroline Atoll, Southern Line Islands, part II: Seabirds, other terrestrial animals, and conservation. Atoll Research Bulletin, 398: 1-61.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Millenium (Caroline) Island Marine. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/07/2019.