KE016
Mida Creek, Whale Island and the Malindi - Watamu coast


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus LC winter - 1,500 individuals A4i
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii LC winter - 1,250 individuals A4i
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola LC non-breeding - 800 individuals A4i
Saunders's Tern Sternula saundersi LC non-breeding - 5,700 individuals A4i
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii LC breeding - 1,500 breeding pairs A4i

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2021 very high very unfavourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - intentional use: subsistence/small scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - suppression in fire frequency/intensity likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Wetlands (inland) Mangroves 0 0 - moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Watamu Marine National Park 1,000 protected area contained by site 1,000
Watamu Marine National Reserve 3,200 protected area overlaps with site 0
Mallindi Marine National Park 600 protected area contained by site 630
Malindi-Watamu Marine National Reserve 24,500 protected area contained by site 24,500
Malindi-Watamu UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 19,600 protected area contained by site 19,600
Malindi Marine National Reserve 21,300 protected area contained by site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea Coral reefs and keys, Open Sea, Shallow marine waters, Sea cliffs & rocky shores -
Wetlands (inland) Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats, Mangroves -
Forest -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mida Creek, Whale Island and the Malindi - Watamu coast. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/09/2022.