IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2000 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Caspian Snowcock Tetraogallus caspius LC resident 1996 uncommon A3
Caucasian Grouse Lyrurus mlokosiewiczi NT resident 1996 frequent A2, A3
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus LC resident 1998 frequent B2
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus NT non-breeding 1996 uncommon B2
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus LC breeding 1998 uncommon B2
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus NT passage 1998 uncommon A1
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU passage 1996 frequent A1
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU passage 1996 uncommon A1
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC resident 1998 4 breeding pairs B2
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC passage 1998 frequent A1
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor LC breeding 1998 frequent B2
Mountain Chiffchaff Phylloscopus sindianus LC breeding 1996 frequent A2
Radde's Accentor Prunella ocularis LC breeding 1996 frequent B2
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage 1996-1998 20,000-49,999 individuals A4iv, B1iv

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2000).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Borjomi-Kharagauli ეროვნული პარკი 85,083 protected area contained by site 50,400
Borjomi ნაკრძალი 14,820 protected area contained by site 17,948


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Native coniferous woodland, Mixed woodland -
Shrubland Scrub -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams, Water fringe vegetation -
Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) Caves -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Perennial crops, orchards and groves -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Scree & boulders, Inland cliffs -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
water management -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Meskheti. Downloaded from on 25/02/2024.