KE031
Meru National Park


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Vulturine Guineafowl Acryllium vulturinum LC resident 1999 present A3
Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-faced Sandgrouse Pterocles decoratus LC resident 1999 present A3
Sombre Nightjar Caprimulgus fraenatus LC resident 1999 present A3
Donaldson-Smith's Nightjar Caprimulgus donaldsoni LC resident 1999 present A3
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster LC resident 1999 present A3
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus LC resident 1999 present A3
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris LC resident 1999 present A3
Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni LC resident 1999 present A3
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor LC resident 1999 present A3
Somali Bee-eater Merops revoilii LC resident 1999 present A3
Red-and-yellow Barbet Trachyphonus erythrocephalus LC resident 1999 present A3
D'Arnaud's Barbet Trachyphonus darnaudii LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala LC resident 1999 present A3
Red-bellied Parrot Poicephalus rufiventris LC resident 1999 present A3
Pringle's Puffback Dryoscopus pringlii LC resident 1999 present A3
Three-streaked Tchagra Tchagra jamesi LC resident 1999 present A3
Rosy-patched Bush-shrike Rhodophoneus cruentus LC resident 1999 present A3
Long-tailed Fiscal Lanius cabanisi LC resident 1999 present A3
Taita Fiscal Lanius dorsalis LC resident 1999 present A3
Somali Tit Melaniparus thruppi LC resident 1999 present A3
Mouse-coloured Penduline-tit Anthoscopus musculus LC resident 1999 present A3
Chestnut-headed Sparrow-lark Eremopterix signatus LC resident 1999 present A3
Pink-breasted Lark Calendulauda poecilosterna LC resident 1999 present A3
Red-winged Lark Mirafra hypermetra LC resident 1999 present A3
Somali Crombec Sylvietta isabellina LC resident 1999 present A3
Yellow-vented Eremomela Eremomela flavicrissalis LC resident 1999 present A3
Grey Wren-warbler Calamonastes simplex LC resident 1999 present A3
Ashy Cisticola Cisticola cinereolus LC resident 1999 present A3
Tiny Cisticola Cisticola nana LC resident 1999 present A3
Banded Warbler Sylvia boehmi LC resident 1999 present A3
Kenya White-eye Zosterops flavilateralis LC resident 1999 present A3
Rufous Chatterer Argya rubiginosa LC resident 1999 present A3
Scaly Chatterer Argya aylmeri LC resident 1999 present A3
Hinde's Babbler Turdoides hindei VU resident - present A1, A2, A3
Northern Pied Babbler Turdoides hypoleuca LC resident 1999 present A3
Hildebrandt's Starling Lamprotornis hildebrandti LC resident 1999 present A3
Shelley's Starling Lamprotornis shelleyi LC resident 1999 present A3
Golden-breasted Starling Lamprotornis regius LC resident 1999 present A3
Fischer's Starling Lamprotornis fischeri LC resident 1999 present A3
Bare-eyed Thrush Turdus tephronotus LC resident 1999 present A3
African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus LC resident 1999 present A3
Eastern Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis LC resident 1999 present A3
Hunter's Sunbird Chalcomitra hunteri LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-bellied Sunbird Cinnyris nectarinioides LC resident 1999 present A3
Shining Sunbird Cinnyris habessinicus LC resident 1999 present A3
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-capped Social-weaver Pseudonigrita cabanisi LC resident 1999 present A3
Fire-fronted Bishop Euplectes diadematus LC resident 1999 present A3
Golden Palm Weaver Ploceus bojeri LC resident 1999 present A3
Purple Grenadier Granatina ianthinogaster LC resident 1999 present A3
Blue-capped Cordon-bleu Uraeginthus cyanocephalus LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda charmosyna LC resident 1999 present A3
Grey-headed Silverbill Odontospiza griseicapilla LC resident 1999 present A3
Steel-blue Whydah Vidua hypocherina LC resident 1999 present A3
Straw-tailed Whydah Vidua fischeri LC resident 1999 present A3
Pangani Longclaw Macronyx aurantiigula LC resident 1999 present A3
Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus LC resident 1999 present A3
Somali Bunting Emberiza poliopleura LC resident 1999 present A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2019 high not assessed medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - industrial aquaculture likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - scale unknown/unrecorded likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - small-holder plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes introduced genetic material happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution air-borne pollutants - smog happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors flight paths happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Shrubland 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Meru National Park 87,000 protected area overlaps with site 87,000
Bisanadi National Reserve 60,600 protected area overlaps with site 0

Local conservation groups

The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Ameru Cultural Group 0
For more information on BirdLife's work with Local conservation groups please click here.

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Shrubland -
Grassland -
Forest -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
agriculture -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Meru National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/07/2020.