IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2008 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Baudo Guan Penelope ortoni EN resident 2003 present A1
Rufous-headed Chachalaca Ortalis erythroptera VU resident 2003 rare A1
Choco Poorwill Nyctiphrynus rosenbergi LC resident 2003 rare A1
Brown Wood-rail Aramides wolfi VU resident 2003 uncommon A1
Plumbeous Hawk Cryptoleucopteryx plumbea NT resident 2003 present A1
Guayaquil Woodpecker Campephilus gayaquilensis LC resident 2003 uncommon A1
Ochraceous Attila Attila torridus VU resident 2003 rare A1
Blue-whiskered Tanager Tangara johannae NT resident 2003 present A1
Scarlet-breasted Dacnis Dacnis berlepschi VU resident 2003 uncommon A1

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2008).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Reserva Ecológica de Manglares Cayapas-Mataje Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 44,847 protected area contained by site 44,847
Manglares Cayapas Mataje Reserva Ecológica 56,420 protected area overlaps with site 0
La Boca-Quinto Piso Protected Forest 1,155 protected area contained by site 0
Humedal del Yalare Protected Forest 1,145 protected area contained by site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
Marine Intertidal -
Forest Tropical lowland evergreen forest, Flooded tropical evergreen forest, Mangrove, Second-growth or disturbed forest -
Wetlands (inland) Ephemeral pools and wetlands, Riverine floodplains, Freshwater lakes and pools, Freshwater marshes/swamps -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Urban parks and gardens, Urban and industrial areas, Forestry and agro-industrial plantations, Improved pasture land, Perennial crops, orchards, groves, Abandoned or fallow farmland, disturbed ground -
Marine Neritic -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
fisheries/aquaculture -
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -
other -
urban/industrial/transport -
rangeland/pastureland -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Mataje-Cayapas-Santiago. Downloaded from on 04/12/2023.