IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2000 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix LC breeding 1987 51-100 breeding pairs B2, C6
Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata LC breeding 1996 15 breeding pairs B2, C6
Ruff Calidris pugnax LC breeding 1987 201-500 breeding pairs B3, C6
Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus LC breeding 1987 80 breeding pairs B2
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola LC breeding 1987 800 breeding pairs B2
Parrot Crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus LC breeding 1987 21-50 breeding pairs B3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2000).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2010 very unfavourable medium medium
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes population good

State (condition of the trigger species' populations)
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Lyrurus tetrix Black Grouse 120 135 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Gavia stellata Red-throated Loon 16 14 breeding pairs 88 near favourable
Calidris pugnax Ruff 200 35 breeding pairs 18 very unfavourable
Calidris falcinellus Broad-billed Sandpiper 80 5 breeding pairs 7 very unfavourable
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper 800 400 breeding pairs 50 unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place medium
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Simojoki Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,153 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Martimoaavan-Lumiaavan-Penikoiden soidensuojelualue Soidensuojelualue 13,345 protected area overlaps with site 12,628
Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 14,086 protected area overlaps with site 0
Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 14,086 protected area overlaps with site 6,028
Martimoaapa - Lumiaapa - Penikat Mires Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 14,086 protected area contains site 12,628
Koivurovan luonnonsuojelualue Yksityinen luonnonsuojelualue 363 protected area overlaps with site 0
Huhtalan luonnonsuojelualue Yksityinen luonnonsuojelualue 15 protected area overlaps with site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland, Alluvial and very wet forest -
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat. Downloaded from on 05/12/2023.