Marine waters along the Curonian Spit

Country/territory: Lithuania

IBA Criteria met: A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2, C2, C3 (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 60,606 ha

Lietuvos Ornitologu Draugija
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high very unfavourable low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
An offshore area (extending up to 40 km in length) in the Baltic Sea near the Kuronian spit.

Key biodiversity
In winter the area supports 6-10% of the western Palearctic population of Melanitta fusca (at densities of up to 1,000 birds/km2as well as large numbers of other seaduck, e.g. Clangula hyemalis (up to 10,000 birds). The site holds more than 20,000 waterbirds on a regular basis.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Marine waters along the Curonian Spit. Downloaded from on 31/01/2023.