ES169
Mar Menor coastal lagoon This is an IBA in danger! 


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2011

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris VU breeding 2011 - B2, C6
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris VU non-breeding 2011 max 3 individuals B2, C6
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC resident 2008 70-257 breeding pairs B1i, C2, C6
Himantopus himantopus NR breeding 2008 50-150 breeding pairs C6
Charadrius alexandrinus NR resident 2008 max 273 breeding pairs B1i, B2, C2
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT winter 2008 max 150 individuals A1, C1
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii LC winter 2008 max 500 individuals A1, C1
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 2007-2008 165-220 breeding pairs B1i, B2, C2, C6
Sterna nilotica NR breeding 2008 max 200 breeding pairs B1i, B2, C2

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2017 very high very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic species/diseases of unknown origin - unspecified species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet 99 53 breeding pairs 54 unfavourable
Charadrius alexandrinus 248 91 breeding pairs 37 very unfavourable
Sternula albifrons Little Tern 4 1 breeding pairs 25 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation No management planning has taken place Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Salinas y Arenales de San Pedro del Pinatar Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 3,651 protected area overlaps with site 623
Salinas y Arenales de San Pedro del Pinatar Regional Park 851 protected area contained by site 856
Mar Menor Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 7,644 protected area contained by site 14,414
Mar Menor Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 14,933 protected area overlaps with site 14,933
Mar Menor Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 13,446 protected area contained by site 13,423
Franja Litoral Sumergida de la Región de Murcia Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 13,037 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Espacios Abiertos e Islas del Mar Menor Protected Landscape 1,231 protected area overlaps with site 900
Espacios Abiertos e Islas del Mar Menor Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,074 protected area overlaps with site 673
Calblanque, Monte de las Cenizas y Peña del Águila Regional Park 2,472 protected area overlaps with site 50

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation -
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches, Salt marshes, Mud flats & sand flats, Lagoons -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
military -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mar Menor coastal lagoon. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/11/2019.