Mapungubwe


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2015

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus CR resident 2010-2014 uncommon A1

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high not assessed medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest Woodland - mixed 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Gyps africanus White-backed Vulture 16 16 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Vhembe Biosphere Reserve UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 3,037,590 protected area overlaps with site 0
Vembe Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 9,022 protected area contained by site 0
Skutwater Ranch Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 4,025 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Roos Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 887 protected area contained by site 0
Mapungupwe National Park National Park 15,237 protected area contained by site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Woodland - mixed -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mapungubwe. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/12/2022.