Mangal Jodi

Country/territory: India

IBA criteria met: A1, A4i, A4iii (2004)
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Area: 7,038 ha

Bombay Natural History Society
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2003 not assessed high not assessed
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Site description (2004 baseline)
Mangaljodi village is located about 5 km from Tangi in district Khurda, 60 km from Bhubaneshwar. It is one of the villages surrounding Chilka Lake. This village is connected to the northern sector of Chilika Lake and Kalupada Ghat by way of channels dug through the Phragmites karka reed bed. The area includes Mangaljodi Ghera. Mangaljodi is primarily a freshwater zone with marshes, emergent vegetation and reed beds consisting mostly of Typha and Phragmites karka.

Key biodiversity

AVIFAUNA: The marshes around Mangaljodi, and the open water between Kalupada Ghat and Teenmuhani, attract a large congregation of waterfowl, especially the dabbling ducks such as Northern Pintail Anas acuta, Northern Shoveller A. clypeata, Garganey A. querquedula and Brahminy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea. A very huge population of waterfowl is found on this site. The estimates were over 3,00,000 and 2,40,000 respectively for 2002 and 2003 (S. Balachandran pers. comm. 2003). Populations of at least 15 species exceed 1% of their bio-geographical population, as estimated by Wetlands International (2002). Over 100,000 Tufted Pochard Aythya fuligula representing 10% of the geographical population have been recorded. Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina also occurs in tens of thousands, along with Large Whistling Duck Dendrocygna bicolor (14,500) and Lesser Whistling Duck D. javanicus (2800). The reed beds are frequented by over 10,000 Purple Moorhen or Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio, 15,000 Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans, 15,000 Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus and more than 5,000 Cotton Teal or Pygmy Goose Nettapus coromandelicus. Over 400 Grey-headed Lapwings Vanellus cinereus were counted in Mangaljodi area which is more than 1% of their biogeographical population (Balachandran et al. 2002a, b, 2003). The reed beds are also roosting sites for many thousands of Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar and Baya Weaver Ploceus philippinus, Indian Great Reed Warbler or Clamorous Reed Warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus, Asian Pied Starling Sturnus contra, and Red Munia or Red Avadavat Amandava amandava.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: No information available.

Key contributors: S. Balachandran and Wild Orissa.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Mangal Jodi. Downloaded from on 25/02/2024.