Malcata mountains

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2002

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Red-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis NT breeding 1998 rare A3
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo LC resident 1998 1-2 breeding pairs C6
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus NT resident 1998 1 breeding pairs C6
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus LC breeding 1998 3-4 breeding pairs C6
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus LC breeding 1998 4-5 breeding pairs C6
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus LC breeding 1998 2-4 breeding pairs C6
European Roller Coracias garrulus LC breeding 1998 1-2 breeding pairs C6
Subalpine Warbler Curruca cantillans LC breeding 1998 abundant A3
Sardinian Warbler Curruca melanocephala LC resident 1998 common A3
Spectacled Warbler Curruca conspicillata LC breeding 1998 uncommon A3
Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor LC resident 1998 common A3
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica LC breeding 1998 uncommon A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2005 low not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Serra da Malcata Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 16,347 protected area overlaps with site 15,849
Serra da Malcata Biogenetic Reserves 21,759 unknown 0
Serra da Malcata Reserva Natural 16,159 protected area overlaps with site 15,523
Malcata Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 79,405 protected area overlaps with site 16,361


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Broadleaved evergreen woodland -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Rivers and streams, Water fringe vegetation -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Inland cliffs -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Perennial crops, orchards and groves, Forestry plantations -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
fisheries/aquaculture -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Malcata mountains. Downloaded from on 15/08/2022.