BW005
Makgadikgadi Pans


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1998 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC breeding - 17,500 breeding pairs A4i
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC non-breeding - 50,000 individuals A4i
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor NT breeding - 10,000 breeding pairs A1, A4i
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor NT non-breeding - 60,000 individuals A1, A4i
Burchell's Sandgrouse Pterocles burchelli LC resident 1998 present A3
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus VU non-breeding - 100 individuals A1
African Spoonbill Platalea alba LC non-breeding - 369 individuals A4i
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC resident - 1,500 breeding pairs A4i
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC non-breeding - 6,000 individuals A4i
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC breeding - 85 breeding pairs A4i
Chestnut-banded Plover Charadrius pallidus LC breeding - 135 breeding pairs A4i
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni NT winter - 5,000 individuals A1, A4i
Barred Wren-warbler Calamonastes fasciolatus LC resident 1998 present A3
Burchell's Starling Lamprotornis australis LC resident 1998 present A3
Kalahari Scrub-robin Cercotrichas paena LC resident 1998 present A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a breeding - 50,000-99,999 individuals A4iii
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding - 100,000-499,999 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1998).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2020 unfavourable not assessed medium
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat good

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Shrubland 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Nxai Pan National Park 257,600 protected area overlaps with site 0
Nata Sanctuary Private Game Reserve 31,000 protected area contained by site 25,000
Nata Bird Sanctuary 96,100 protected area overlaps with site 0
Makgadikgadi Pans National Park 490,200 protected area overlaps with site 487,710
Flamingo Sanctuary 42,500 protected area contained by site 42,500

Local Conservation Groups

The Local Conservation Groups listed below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Nata Santuary Trust 1988
For more information on BirdLife's work with Local Conservation Groups, please click here.

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Wetlands (inland) -
Shrubland -
Grassland -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Makgadikgadi Pans. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/makgadikgadi-pans-iba-botswana on 06/12/2023.