The site is composed of mountain steppe, rocky hills, river valleys and grassland steppe. It provides important breeding and roosting habitats for many species during breeding and migration. Livestock husbandry is the main land use.
The site supports several Globally Threatened species, including Saker Falcon Falco cherrug (EN), Lesser Kestrel F. naumanni (VU), Whitenaped Crane Grus vipio (VU) and Swan Goose Anser cygnoides (EN). In addition, Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus (NT), Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus, Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo, Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis and Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius regularly nest at the site.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals that occur at the site include Argali Ovis ammon (NT), Red Deer Cervus elaphus, Grey Wolf Canis lupus, Siberian Marmot Marmota sibirica (EN), Red Fox Vulpes vulpes, Corsac Fox V. corsac, Pallas's Cat Felis manul (NT), Asian Badger Meles leucurus, Least Weasel Mustela nivalis and Daurian Ground Squirrel Spermophilus dauricus.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Maikhant Mountain. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/03/2020.