Mafinga Mountains

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2005 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus poliocephalus LC resident - present A3
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum LC resident - present A3
Moustached Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax LC resident - present A3
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata LC resident - present A3
Miombo Tit Melaniparus griseiventris LC resident - present A3
Rufous-bellied Tit Melaniparus rufiventris LC resident - present A3
Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla LC resident - present A3
Chapin's Apalis Apalis chapini LC resident 2010 present A2, A3
Black-lored Cisticola Cisticola nigriloris LC resident 2010 present A2, A3
Black-browed Mountain Greenbul Arizelocichla fusciceps LC resident - present A3
Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla LC resident - present A3
Brown Warbler Curruca lugens LC - - - A3
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyana LC resident - present A3
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata LC resident - present A3
White-chested Alethe Chamaetylas fuelleborni LC resident - present A3
Sharpe's Akalat Sheppardia sharpei LC resident 2010 present A2, A3
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis LC resident - present A3
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis LC - - - A3
Forest Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris fuelleborni LC resident - present A3
Eastern Miombo Sunbird Cinnyris manoensis LC resident - - A3
Yellow-bellied Waxbill Coccopygia quartinia LC resident - present A3
Black-eared Seedeater Crithagra mennelli LC resident - present A3
Streaky Seedeater Crithagra striolata LC resident - present A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2005).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2005 favourable medium negligible
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
no habitat good

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) Unknown Unknown negligible
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Mafinga Hills Forest Reserve 15,500 protected area overlaps with site 15,500


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Montane forest - mixed -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Scree, boulders & bare rock -
Grassland Grassland - montane -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
water management -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Mafinga Mountains. Downloaded from on 04/03/2024.