A very shallow (up to 3 m deep) nutrient-rich lake, with adjoining sedge-beds, transitional mires, alder Alnus woodland and willow Salix scrub. The lake shores are covered by beds of bulrush Scirpus, reed Phragmites and reed-mace Typha. Three-quarters of the lake bottom is covered by stonewort Chara and pondweed Potamogeton. The lake and a surrounding 100-m-wide belt are protected, but the area beyond is cultivated.
Large concentrations of waterbirds occur, regularly exceeding 20,000 individuals, mainly swans, ducks, Fulica atra, and gulls Larus. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (1-2 non-breeding birds feed in the IBA, nesting nearby), Crex crex (4-6 pairs).
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Luknajno lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2020.