Lower Urushten river

IBA Justification

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2008

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population at site IBA criteria triggered
Tawny Owl Strix aluco LC resident 1996 100 breeding pairs B3
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus LC resident 1996 21-24 breeding pairs B2
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius LC resident 1996 20 breeding pairs B3
Semi-collared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata LC breeding 2004-2006 30-50 breeding pairs A1

Note: The current IUCN Red List category may differ from the category that was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment.

For more information about the IBA criteria, please click here

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation status - summary
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2006 high near favourable negligible
Was the whole site assessed? yes Condition (state) assessed by habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of the site (state), by habitat
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Grassland 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Shrubland 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Conservation actions taken at the site (response)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Unknown No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place negligible
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Western Caucasus World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 301,068 protected area overlaps with site 0
Psebaiskiy Zakaznik 37,400 protected area overlaps with site 2,000
Kavkazsky Zapovednik 280,335 protected area overlaps with site 0
Kavkazskiy UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 295,700 protected area overlaps with site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Native coniferous woodland -
Shrubland Scrub -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
For further information about the IUCN habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land-use classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Lower Urushten river. Downloaded from on 28/05/2023.