Lomphat This is an IBA in Danger! 

Country/territory: Cambodia

IBA criteria met: A1, A2, A3, A4i (2003)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 306,397 ha

NatureLife Cambodia
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2016 not assessed very high low
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2003 baseline)
This IBA comprises a contiguous area of open deciduous dipterocarp forest extending from the western parts of Lomphat Wildlife Sanctuary, to the north and west, as far as the confluence of the Sesan and Srepok Rivers. The Srepok River and its associated riverine vegetation is integral to the IBA, and both banks of the river are included within the IBA. The section of the Srepok included in the IBA is c.200 m wide, with a rocky substrate with associated shrubs. The vegetation of the IBA is dominated by , although mixed deciduous forest and, less commonly, semi-evergreen forest, also occur. Seasonal streams, often flanked by gallery forest, are found throughout the IBA, and there are numerous pools, mostly seasonal. These pools are typically less than 100 m in diameter but are often associated with large seasonal meadows, which can be several hundred metres in length. The IBA supports one of the most intact remaining examples of the bird community of the dry forests of central Indochina. The seasonal meadows are important nesting areas for Sarus Crane Grus antigone, while the pools are important for a number of large waterbirds, including Giant Ibis Pseudibis gigantea and Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus. Also, the IBA includes Trapeang Rokar, an area of wetlands between the Srepok and Sesan Rivers, where White-shouldered Ibis Pseudibis davisoni was observed in 1998. The Srepok River supports a number of riverine species, including Masked Finfoot Heliopais personata and the recently described Mekong Wagtail Motacilla samveasnae. The relative abundance of large ungulates means that the IBA has greater potential to support viable populations of White-rumped, Long-billed and Red-headed Vultures Gyps bengalensis, G. indicus and Sarcogyps calvus than most other areas in mainland South-east Asia.

Key biodiversity
Other regionally significant bird species recorded: Woolly-necked Stork (at least 22 birds, May 1998 (Timmins and Men Soriyun in prep.), Green Imperial Pigeon, Oriange-breasted Green Pigeon, Alexandrine Parakeet, Streak-throated Woodpecker, Great Slaty Woodpecker, Golden crested Myna.

Non-bird biodiversity: Timmins and Men Soriyun (in pre.) recorded prints probably from Gaur (Bos saurus) (Vulnerable) in 1998. Neth Neath et al. (2001) A Tiger Survey of Lomphat Wildlife Sanctuary: Asiatic Jackal, Dhole, Asiatic Black Bear, Sun Bear, Jungle Cat, Leopard Cat, Fishing Cat, Asian Golden Cat, Leopard, Tiger.They alsso recorded the following red listed Chelonians, Yellow-headed Temple Turtle (Hieremus annandalii) (Vulnerable) and Elongated Tortoise (Indotestudo elogata) (Vulnerable).Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina) (Kong Kim Sreng pers. comm.), Pygmy Loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus), Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Bear Macaque (Macaca arctoides), Douc Langur (Pygathrix nemaeus), Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina), Silvered Langur (Semnopithecus cristatus).Asiatic Softshell Turtle (Amyda cartilaginea), [Asian Giant Softshell (Pelochelys cantorii)], Elongated Tortoise (Indotestudo elongata), Yellow-headed Temple Turtle (Hieremys annandalii), Giant Asian Pond Turtle (Heosemys grandis), Siamese Crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis).Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Eld's Deer (Cervus eldii), Gaur (Bos gaurus), Banteng (Bos javanicus).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Lomphat. Downloaded from on 05/12/2023.