Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve

Country/territory: Sierra Leone

IBA criteria met: A1, A2, A3 (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 33,201 ha

Conservation Society of Sierra Leone
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2005 medium favourable low
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (baseline)
This reserve occurs in the mountainous north-east of the country. The tallest peak is Bintumani (1,945 m), the highest in West Africa, west of Mount Cameroon. This range of mountains is the source of most of the rivers that flow across the country, including the Sewa river to the south-west and the Rokel river to the north-west. The vegetation comprises Guinea–Congo lowland forest with elements of montane evergreen forest up to 1,680 m and grassland on the plateau. At lower altitudes, gallery forest and wooded savanna also occur, while forest-savanna mosaic is found in places around the northern fringes. There are a few villages and some areas of farmland within the southern and western parts of the reserve.

Key biodiversity
See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. A total of 245 species of birds have been recorded from the reserve, including eight species of global conservation concern. A ninth, Falco naumanni, is only a rare migrant through the area. The endangered Scotopelia ussheri has been recorded on several occasions. Five active colonies of the vulnerable Picathartes gymnocephalus have been discovered. The range of habitats results in a wide diversity of both forest and savanna bird species, including four species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome (see Table 3).

Non-bird biodiversity: This reserve is home to substantial populations of the following primates: Pan troglodytes verus (EN), Procolobus badius (LR/nt), Colobus polykomus (LR/nt), Cercocebus atys (LR/nt) and Cercopithecus diana (VU). Other mammals include Loxodonta africana cyclotis (EN), Hexaprotodon liberensis (VU), Hyemoschus aquaticus (LR/nt), Cephalophus jentinki (VU), C. niger (LR/nt) and C. maxwelli (LR/nt).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve. Downloaded from on 10/06/2023.