UK175
Loch Leven


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus LC passage 2001-2006 5,311 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Gadwall Mareca strepera LC passage 2001-2006 509 individuals B1i, C3
Gadwall Mareca strepera LC breeding 1992 70 breeding pairs B2
Anas crecca NR passage 2001-2006 5,282 individuals B1i, C3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 2001-2006 24,935 individuals A4iii, C4

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 high very unfavourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Cygnus cygnus Whooper Swan 120 10 individuals 9 very unfavourable
Anser brachyrhynchus Pink-footed Goose 19200 2000 individuals 11 very unfavourable
Spatula clypeata Northern Shoveler 520 52 individuals 10 very unfavourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 31942 10763 individuals 34 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Vane Farm RSPB Reserve 224 protected area overlaps with site 187
Lomond Hills Regional Park 6,645 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Loch Leven Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,611 protected area contained by site 1,612
Loch Leven Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,611 protected area overlaps with site 1,613
Loch Leven Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 1,612 protected area overlaps with site 1,612
Loch Leven National Nature Reserve 1,823 protected area overlaps with site 1,597
Loch Leven Nature Reserve 246 protected area overlaps with site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Humid grasslands -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Loch Leven. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/01/2022.