Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
A large wilderness area lying between the Simo and Siuruanjoki rivers with extensive northern aapa mires. The mires are divided by several rivers, lakes and forested `islands', the latter typically holding very old coniferous trees and large quantities of dead wood. The importance of the site as an old-growth forest reserve is notable, especially as it is surrounded by intensively managed commercial forests.

Key biodiversity
An important area for boreal avifauna. Breeding birds include 12 out of the 15 species in Europe that are restricted to the boreal biome (when breeding).

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The area is a candidate SAC.

Protected areas
National Partial International High25,695 ha of IBA covered by Peatland Reserve (Lapiosuo-Iso äijönsuo, 25,695 ha). 30,405 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Litokaira).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Litokaira. Downloaded from on 18/08/2022.