KE028
Lake Turkana This is an IBA in danger! 


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC non-breeding 1992 2,580 individuals A4i
Pink-backed Pelican Pelecanus rufescens LC non-breeding 1992 1,060 individuals A4i
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula LC winter 1992 13,600 individuals A4i
Kittlitz's Plover Charadrius pecuarius LC non-breeding 1992 8,600 individuals A4i
Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus LC winter 1992 500 individuals A4i
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus LC non-breeding 1992 6,930 individuals A4i
Little Stint Calidris minuta LC winter 1992 113,000 individuals A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding 1992 100,000-499,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2021 very high unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - intentional use: subsistence/sml scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Geological events volcanic eruptions happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - large dams happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Transportation and service corridors flight paths happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Wetlands (inland) Saline lakes 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
South Island National Park 3,900 protected area overlaps with site 3,880
Sibiloi National Park 157,392 protected area overlaps with site 10,000
Lake Turkana National Parks World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 161,485 protected area overlaps with site 161,485
Central Island National Park 500 protected area contained by site 500

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Saline lakes -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Turkana. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/12/2022.