YU038
Lake Skadar This is an IBA in danger! 


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2000

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca NT resident 1990-1997 present A3
Common Pochard Aythya ferina VU winter 1991-1996 16,000-55,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT breeding 1998 20-30 breeding pairs A1
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula LC winter 1991-1996 13,000-45,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Teal Anas crecca LC winter 1991-1996 1,000-40,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus LC winter 1991-1996 1,000-6,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis LC winter 1991-1996 4,000-22,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Coot Fulica atra LC winter 1991-1996 65,000-120,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides LC breeding 1991-1996 300-400 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Great White Egret Ardea alba LC winter 1991-1996 100-600 individuals A4i, B1i
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT resident 1998 9 breeding pairs A1
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC passage 1980-1989 8,000-10,000 individuals A1, A4i, B1i
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC resident 1990-1997 1,500-2,000 breeding pairs A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC winter 1991-1996 2,500-11,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum LC breeding 1990-1997 present A3
Sylvia cantillans NR breeding 1990-1997 present A3
Western Rock Nuthatch Sitta neumayer LC resident 1990-1997 present A3
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica LC breeding 1990-1997 present A3
Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala LC breeding 1990-1997 present A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1996 100,000-499,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2019 very high not assessed medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors shipping lanes likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater 40000 40000 - good (> 90%) near favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Skadarsko jezero National Park 40,000 is identical to site 40,000
Skadarsko Jezero Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 20,000 protected area contained by site 20,000

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest -
Shrubland -
Grassland Humid grasslands -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Rivers and streams, Water fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
urban/industrial/transport -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Skadar. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/12/2019.