KE049
Lake Nakuru National Park This is an IBA in danger! 


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis LC non-breeding 1991 7,860 individuals A4i
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis LC non-breeding 1993 600 individuals A4i
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor NT non-breeding 1993 1,448,000 individuals A1, A4i
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC non-breeding 1991 9,940 individuals A4i
Yellow-billed Stork Mycteria ibis LC non-breeding 1991 1,620 individuals A4i
African Spoonbill Platalea alba LC non-breeding 1992 580 individuals A4i
Madagascar Pond-heron Ardeola idae EN non-breeding - present A1
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC non-breeding 1992 44,430 individuals A4i
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC non-breeding 1991 3,120 individuals A4i
Grey-headed Gull Larus cirrocephalus LC non-breeding 1991 9,040 individuals A4i
Common Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica LC winter 1992 1,390 individuals A4i
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC passage - present A1
Grey-crested Helmetshrike Prionops poliolophus NT resident 1999 present A1, A2
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding 1993 1,000,000-2,499,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2021 very high very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - soil erosion, sedimentation happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Wetlands (inland) Saline lakes 0 0 moderate (70-90%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Very little or no conservation action taking place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Lake Nakuru Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 18,800 protected area overlaps with site 18,800
Lake Nakuru National Park 18,800 protected area contained by site 18,800
Kenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 32,034 protected area overlaps with site 18,800

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Woodland - monodominant -
Grassland Grassland - edaphic, wet -
Wetlands (inland) Saline lakes -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
agriculture -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Nakuru National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/12/2022.