TZ004
Lake Manyara


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus LC resident 2000 present A3
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata LC winter 1995 4,650 individuals A4i
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC non-breeding - 40,000 individuals A4i
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor NT non-breeding 1991 1,900,000 individuals A1, A4i
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens LC resident 2000 present A3
Black-faced Sandgrouse Pterocles decoratus LC resident 2000 present A3
Nyanza Swift Apus niansae LC resident 2000 present A3
Buff-crested Bustard Lophotis gindiana LC resident 2000 present A3
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster LC resident 2000 present A3
Yellow-billed Stork Mycteria ibis LC non-breeding 1995 1,020 individuals A4i
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC non-breeding 1991 200,000 individuals A4i
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC non-breeding 1995 4,940 individuals A4i
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC non-breeding 1995 8,367 individuals A4i
Chestnut-banded Plover Charadrius pallidus NT non-breeding 1995 619 individuals A4i
Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus LC winter 1995 3,302 individuals A4i
Ruff Calidris pugnax LC winter 1995 45,486 individuals A4i
Little Stint Calidris minuta LC winter 1995 78,675 individuals A4i
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis LC winter 1995 2,441 individuals A4i
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus LC winter 1995 3,283 individuals A4i
Common Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica LC winter 1995 1,566 individuals A4i
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus LC resident 2000 present A3
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus NT resident 2000 present A3
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum LC resident 2000 present A3
Von der Decken's Hornbill Tockus deckeni LC resident 2000 present A3
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor LC resident 2000 present A3
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates LC resident 2000 present A3
Red-and-yellow Barbet Trachyphonus erythrocephalus LC resident 2000 present A3
Usambiro Barbet Trachyphonus usambiro LC resident 2000 present A3
Moustached Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax LC resident 2000 present A3
Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Red-bellied Parrot Poicephalus rufiventris LC resident 2000 present A3
Fischer's Lovebird Agapornis fischeri NT resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Yellow-collared Lovebird Agapornis personatus LC resident 2000 present A3
Grey Cuckooshrike Ceblepyris caesius LC resident 2000 present A3
Rosy-patched Bush-shrike Rhodophoneus cruentus LC resident 2000 present A3
Long-tailed Fiscal Lanius cabanisi LC resident 2000 present A3
Taita Fiscal Lanius dorsalis LC resident 2000 present A3
Red-winged Lark Mirafra hypermetra LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Grey Wren-warbler Calamonastes simplex LC resident 2000 present A3
Mountain Yellow Warbler Iduna similis LC resident 2000 present A3
Eastern Mountain Greenbul Arizelocichla nigriceps LC resident 2000 present A3
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Banded Warbler Sylvia boehmi LC resident 2000 present A3
African Hill-babbler Sylvia abyssinica LC resident 2000 present A3
Kenya White-eye Zosterops flavilateralis LC resident 2000 present A3
Mbulu White-eye Zosterops mbuluensis LC resident 2000 present A3
Rufous Chatterer Argya rubiginosa LC resident 2000 present A3
Northern Pied Babbler Turdoides hypoleuca LC resident 2000 present A3
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri LC resident 2000 present A3
Sharpe's Starling Pholia sharpii LC resident 2000 present A3
Hildebrandt's Starling Lamprotornis hildebrandti LC resident 2000 present A3
Ashy Starling Lamprotornis unicolor LC resident 2000 present A3
Orange Ground-thrush Geokichla gurneyi LC resident 2000 present A3
African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus LC resident 2000 present A3
White-eyed Slaty-flycatcher Melaenornis fischeri LC resident 2000 present A3
Mbulu Robin-chat Dessonornis mbuluensis LC resident 2000 unknown A3
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata LC resident 2000 present A3
Rüppell's Robin-Chat Cossypha semirufa LC resident 2000 present A3
Eastern Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis LC resident 2000 present A3
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis LC resident 2000 present A3
Golden-winged Sunbird Drepanorhynchus reichenowi LC resident 2000 present A3
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli LC resident 2000 present A3
Rufous-tailed Weaver Histurgops ruficauda LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht LC resident 2000 present A3
Speke's Weaver Ploceus spekei LC resident 2000 present A3
Purple Grenadier Granatina ianthinogaster LC resident 2000 present A3
Blue-capped Cordon-bleu Uraeginthus cyanocephalus LC resident 2000 present A3
Black-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda charmosyna LC resident 2000 present A3
Red-faced Crimsonwing Cryptospiza reichenovii LC resident 2000 present A3
Yellow-bellied Waxbill Coccopygia quartinia LC resident 2000 present A3
Grey-headed Silverbill Odontospiza griseicapilla LC resident 2000 present A3
Steel-blue Whydah Vidua hypocherina LC resident 2000 present A3
Straw-tailed Whydah Vidua fischeri LC resident 2000 present A3
Pangani Longclaw Macronyx aurantiigula LC resident 2000 present A3
Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus LC resident 2000 present A3
East African Citril Crithagra hyposticta LC resident 2000 present A3
White-bellied Canary Crithagra dorsostriata LC resident 2000 present A3
Thick-billed Seedeater Crithagra burtoni LC resident 2000 present A3
Streaky Seedeater Crithagra striolata LC resident 2000 present A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding 1991-1995 1,000,000-2,499,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2009 very high very unfavourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Geological events avalanches/landslides past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Geological events earthquakes/tsunamis past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Geological events volcanic eruptions past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Wetlands (inland) 0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Mto wa Mbu GCA Game controlled area 121,470 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Marang Forest Reserve 35,399 protected area contained by site 35,399
Lake Manyara National Park National Park 10,801 protected area overlaps with site 64,870
Lake Manyara National Park UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 2,833,000 protected area contained by site 28,330
Burunge WMA Wildlife management area 61,700 protected area is adjacent to site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Wetlands (inland) -
Shrubland -
Grassland -
Forest -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Manyara. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/12/2021.