A coastal wetland complex. It consists of the freshwater Lake Mitrikou, surrounded by extensive reedbeds (Phragmites), coastal lagoons and saltmarsh.
The area is important for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds, and breeding species associated with reedbeds. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Branta ruficollis (0-3 wintering individuals), Oxyura leucocephala (wintering), Haliaeetus albicilla (wintering), Aquila heliaca (passage), Falco naumanni (passage), Larus audouinii. The site holds 20,000 waterbirds in winter, on a regular basis (including Tadorna tadorna 2,500; Anas penelope 6,000; Anas crecca 3,500; Anas platyrhynchos 10,000; Recurvirostra avosetta 2,500; Larus ridibundus 3,000).
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Chemical and sewerage pollution, water abstraction, hunting, the expansion of agricultural land and infrastructure developments are the main threats. The area is a candidate SAC.
National Partial International PartialPart of IBA covered by Wildlife Refuge (Mavromatiou-Limni Mitrikou/Imerou-Mavromatiou, 1,900 ha). Part of IBA covered by Protected Area. Part of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Lake Vistonis, Porto Lagos, Lake Ismaris and adjoining lagoons, 24,396 ha). 4,900 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Limnes Vistonis-Ismaris-Limnothalasses Porto Lagos, Alyki, Ptelea, Xirolimni, Karatza, 14,647 ha).
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou). Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 30/03/2020.