A large saline lake situated on the Austrian-Hungarian border. The IBA includes the Hungarian part of the lake (an area of 75 km2), of which 88% is covered by reedbeds (Phragmites), and adjacent mesophile and wet saline grasslands. Human activities include reed-harvesting (`Other' land-use, below), a small-scale fishery and recreation.
An important breeding and staging area for waterbirds. More than 255 bird species have been recorded.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Wildfowl shooting is banned, although shooting of red fox Vulpes vulpes and wild boar Sus scrofa is undertaken for conservation purposes. A wetland restoration project at Mexikópuszta has led to the site becoming extremely important for waterbirds. PHARE has funded an eco-tourism project within the transboundary National Park, and a management plan exists for the area.
National High International High12,542 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Fertõ-Hanság, 12,543 ha). 2,870 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Fertõ-tó, 2,870 ha). 12,542 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Lake Fertõ, 12,542 ha).
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Fertő. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 22/01/2021.