Lake Eemmeer

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2000 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus LC winter 1986-1990 1,197 individuals A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata LC non-breeding 1987-1992 440 individuals B1i, C3
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope LC winter 1988-1992 13,878 individuals B1i, C3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2000).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Eemmeer & Gooimeer Zuidoever Natuurbeschermingswet 1,584 protected area overlaps with site 1,200
Eemmeer & Gooimeer Zuidoever Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,584 protected area overlaps with site 1,340
Eemmeer Nature Reserve 137 protected area contained by site 137
Eemland Nature Reserve 177 protected area overlaps with site 146


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Water fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial Highly improved re-seeded landscapes -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
water management -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
agriculture -
hunting -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Lake Eemmeer. Downloaded from on 07/12/2023.