Lagoas de Cufada

Country/territory: Guinea-Bissau

IBA criteria met: A1, A3, B1a, B3a (2019)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 89,000 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2001 not assessed high not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site description (2001 baseline)
The Parque Natural das Lagoas de Cufada is located in central southern Guinea-Bissau, immediately north and west of the town of Buba. The area is bordered to the north by the lower reaches of the Rio Corubal, to the south by the upper reaches of the Rio Grande de Buba and, to the west, by one of its tributaries, the Rio de Fulacunda. The proposed National Park includes the Lagoa de Cufada, two other freshwater lagoons and surrounding forest and savanna areas. Included are 37,700 ha of forest, within which are two sacred groves of primary forest, and 26,000 ha of savanna. The Lagoa de Cufada itself covers 413.5 ha and is a shallow (less than 1.5 m in the dry season), permanent, eutrophic freshwater lake in the flood-plain of the Rio Corubal. The site also includes two smaller freshwater lakes, Lagoa de Bionra (32.5 ha, permanent) and Lagoa de Bedasse (18.7 ha, seasonal), the seasonally flooded marshes between these lakes and the Rio Corubal and about a 14 km stretch of the south side of the river, which is fringed by a 10–30 m wide strip of mangrove and extensive mudflats. The aquatic vegetation of the lakes includes an abundance of Nymphaea sp. which covers most of the shallower areas. Average annual rainfall in the east of the area is 1,850–2,150 mm and in the west is 2,150–2,500 mm.

Key biodiversity
See Box and Table 2 for key species. Waterbird counts have recorded 44 species and included, in 1995, 1,195 Nettapus auritus.

Non-bird biodiversity: The following mammals have been recorded: Pan troglodytes (EN), Colobus polykomus (LR/nt) Procolobus badius (LR/nt), Kobus kob (LR/cd), Cephalophus dorsalis (LR/nt) and Trichechus senegalensis (VU). The crocodile Osteolaemus tetrapsis (VU) also occurs.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Lagoas de Cufada. Downloaded from on 11/12/2023.