Low mountains of Karabakh ridge and Karabakh upland. More than half the site is covered by Juniperus forests, and there is mountain steppe in the north. The main land-use is sheep-grazing.
Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila heliaca, Falco naumanni, Tetrao mlokosiewiczi. Ciconia ciconia and C. nigra, at least 14 raptor species and Alectoris chukar (very common) also breed. Milvus milvus is a very rare summer visitor and Gypaetus barbatus possibly breeds.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lachin area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/07/2020.