A mountainous area which comprises a large part of the Sistema Ibérico Norte. Much of area has been deforested and scrub and alpine grasslands predominate although in some areas there are extensive Quercus and Fagus woodlands. The area of Pinus plantations is increasing. Human activities include livestock-farming, game hunting and tourism and recreation.
This is an important area for species associated with upland forest and alpine grasslands.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The site is threatened by poor forestry practice, particularly the creation of Pinus plantations and the indiscriminate logging of the Fagus forest. Hunting pressure is high. A dam project is planned within the IBA.
National Partial International Partial15,000 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Cameros, 92,918 ha). 35,000 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Sierra de la Demanda, 73,819 ha). 58,000 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierra de la Demanda, 58,000 ha).
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: La Demanda mountains. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 30/05/2020.