Kythira island

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2012 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT passage 1996 5-70 individuals A1, C1
Scopoli's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea LC breeding 2007-2012 10-50 breeding pairs C6
European Shag Gulosus aristotelis LC resident 2007-2012 45-60 breeding pairs C6
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii VU breeding 1997-2012 14-45 breeding pairs A1, C1, C6
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus LC resident 2006 min 83 breeding pairs B2
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae LC breeding 2006 32 breeding pairs B2, C6
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus LC breeding 2006 12-15 breeding pairs B2, C6
Cretzschmar's Bunting Emberiza caesia LC breeding 2006 200-300 breeding pairs B3, C2, C6
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage - min 3,000 individuals B1iv, C5

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2012).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Tholaria, Agia Moni, Agios Georgios, Megali Dragonera, Antidragonera, Prasonisi Dimou Kythiron Katafygio Agrias Zois 3,045 protected area contained by site 0
Thalassia Periochi Kythiron Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 32,574 protected area contained by site 0
Thalaria Kythiron Game Refuge 3,000 protected area contained by site 3,000
Nisides Kythiron: Prasonisi; Dragonera, Antidragonera Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 989 protected area contained by site 100
Kythira Kai Gyro Nisides: Prasonisi; Dragonera, Antidragonera, Avgo, Kapello, Koufo Kai Fidonisi Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 5,373 protected area contained by site 5,392


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis -
Marine Intertidal -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Perennial crops, orchards and groves, Forestry plantations, Ruderal land -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Inland cliffs -
Marine Neritic -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
military -
tourism/recreation -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Kythira island. Downloaded from on 02/10/2023.