|Most recent IBA monitoring assessment|
|Year of assessment||Threat score (pressure)||Condition score (state)||Action score (response)|
|2019||not assessed||not assessed||not assessed|
|For more information about IBA monitoring please click here|
Vulture populations have been declining globally. Three species of Gyps vultures breed in sub-Saharan Africa, and all have declining populations; regional declines have been reported in Western, Southern and Eastern Africa. Ruppell's Vulture and White-backed Vulture are listed as 'Near Threatened' and their numbers have declined by 52% in and around the Mara Serengeti ecosystem.
A large breeding colony of Ruppell's Vulture has been monitored since 2002 to 2009. Around 150-200 adults have been present on each visit, with up to 64 simultaneous active nests. Ruppell's Vulture was formerly distributed throught Kenya, with breeding being restricted to a relatively small number of cliffs scattered in the southern and northern parts of the country. Considering the size of the Kwenia colony, the site may act as an important focal point for Ruppell's Vulture in Southern Kenya and Northern Tanzania.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kwenia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2020.