ZA058
KwaZulu-Natal Mistbelt Grasslands This is an IBA in danger! 


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2015

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Grey Crowned Crane Balearica regulorum EN breeding 2012-2013 40-120 individuals A1

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 very high very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - small-holder plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution air-borne pollutants - type unknown/unrecorded likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Grassland 0 0 very poor (< 40%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Sarothrura affinis Striped Flufftail 15 15 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Crex crex Corncrake 50 50 individuals 100 favourable
Balearica regulorum Grey Crowned Crane 30 30 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Bugeranus carunculatus Wattled Crane 2 3 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Anthropoides paradiseus Blue Crane 40 3 breeding pairs 8 very unfavourable
Neotis denhami Denham's Bustard 15 15 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Geronticus calvus Southern Bald Ibis 40 75 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Vanellus melanopterus Black-winged Lapwing 100 100 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Tyto capensis African Grass-owl 30 30 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Sagittarius serpentarius Secretarybird 5 5 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Polemaetus bellicosus Martial Eagle 3 3 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Circus ranivorus African Marsh-harrier 5 5 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Bucorvus leadbeateri Southern Ground-hornbill 15 15 individuals 100 favourable
Falco biarmicus Lanner Falcon 20 20 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Hirundo atrocaerulea Blue Swallow 55 33 breeding pairs 60 unfavourable
Hemimacronyx chloris Yellow-breasted Pipit 80 80 individuals 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Soada Forest Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 496 protected area overlaps with site 0
Roselands Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 397 protected area contained by site 0
Mount Shannon Protected Environment Protected Environment 4,753 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Minerva Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 118,218 protected area overlaps with site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - montane -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Forestry & agro-industrial plantations, Improved pasture land and wooded farmland -
Unknown -
Forest Lowland forest - mondom moist evgn & semi-evgn -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport -
nature conservation and research -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: KwaZulu-Natal Mistbelt Grasslands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/10/2022.